If you ask Fraser Hines which of his stories he likes the least, he will say “The Krotons” (or “The Croutons,” as he likes to call it). In the most recent Doctor Who Magazine poll, “The Krotons” ranked 207th out of the then 241 episodes, just above “Daleks in Manhattan.” When I first saw “The Krotons,” however, I knew nothing about fandom’s (or Fraser Hines’) opinion of it. The episode that I watched was enjoyable and entertaining. That’s why, even though it’s not perfect, I’ve decided to focus on the postives of the story. Hopefully, I will inspire someone to reevaluate this underappreciated story.I don’t understand the dislike of “The Krotons.” Sometimes I wonder if part of the problem is that it is the first story written by Robert Holmes. Holmes went on to write some of Who‘s best stories; in the aforementioned Doctor Who Magazine poll, he has three stories in the top ten. Perhaps that leads to higher expectations for “The Krotons?” And, okay, maybe the design of the Krotons themselves is a bit of a let down. True you can see the actors’ feet shuffling inside the costume when the Kroton has to walk, but its top half looks pretty cool. While their arms seem rather useless, those spinning heads are quite something…
Basically, I find a lot to appreciate and enjoy in this story. One aspect that struck a chord with me was its emphasis on education. Control of what the Gonds learned allowed the Krotons to control the entire population of Gonds on the planet. While their goal was to create two more “high brains” so that they could pilot their ship and leave the planet, they didn’t want the Gonds getting too clever and thinking for themselves. The teaching machines presumably just taught the Gonds what they should know and didn’t encourage any curiosity or creativity (which seems as if it would be necessary in a high brain, so maybe that’s why the Krotons were still stuck after all those years). They were selective about what they taught the Gonds, in case any Gonds ever overcame their obedience conditioning and started breaking the laws the Krotons had given them. The Krotons presumably taught them subjects such as mathematics and science, but omitted the areas that the Gonds could use against them, such as the study of chemistry. This way they ensured that the Gonds would not have the necessary knowledge to defeat them if they ever tried to rise up against them. Control the education system and you can control the people.
While the focus on education is unique, the idea of the Doctor arriving on a planet to find one group dominating another is not. While the previous story, “The Invasion” was a preview of the type of story to come, “The Krotons” is a new version of a classic format. The second Doctor was in a similar situation (“The Macra Terror”) early in his tenure, but this plot is much more strongly associated with the Hartnell era. The first Doctor has many stories in which the Doctor and his companions end up helping a group of rebels overthrow an oppressor (“The Space Museum,” “The Web Planet,” “The Savages”…). I didn’t feel that the second Doctor really fit into the format of “The Invasion,” but he is a perfect fit for the structure of “The Krotons.”
The first Doctor often begrudgingly helped others and was more of an authority figure. In his stories, circumstance or his companions generally push the Doctor into helping the rebels, or he ends up arguing with those in authority, trying to assert his own. While the situation is not unique, the completely different personality of the second Doctor makes a familiar format seem fresh. Unlike the first Doctor, the second Doctor actively wants to help people, but rarely wants to seem to be an authority figure. Therefore, when the Doctor arrives on the scene, he doesn’t immediately take over; of course, that’s not to say that he doesn’t assert some influence over the Gonds. Remember, I said that the second Doctor doesn’t like to be seen as an authority figure; he still feels that he has to step in to deal with matters that others aren’t equipped to handle. In this case, he tries to show the Gonds that there is more to life than what the Krotons have taught them and to stop any further unnecessary deaths. Continuing the theme of education, however, he acts more as a teacher, opening their eyes to new ideas and showing them that they can choose a different way of life.The final episode demonstrates the point at which the Doctor becomes “hands off.” Throughout the preceding episodes, we have witnessed a power struggle between Selris, the older council leader, and Eelek, a younger man who clearly hopes to use the situation to seize power. Selris sacrifices himself in the final episode, defying the Krotons to give the Doctor the sulfuric acid he needs, leaving the position of leader open. Previously, the people have been following Eelek, but Selris’ son is clearly the better (and rightful) leader. The Doctor, however, slips away before this conflict is resolved and offers no suggestion as to how this conflict should be resolved. He has helped the Gonds free themselves of their Kroton overloads, but he has no interest in sticking around to help them set up a society without the laws of the Krotons. He has reason to believe that they are on the correct path, however. The Gonds figured out how to use sulfuric acid to dissolve the Krotons’ ship, showing that they are learning how to problem solve and think for themselves. The ending is optimistic, even if we don’t see the ultimate resolution. The Gonds are free to learn, which will help them handle whatever problems may emerge.
This brings me to something else I like about this story: its use of science. Unlike “The Invasion” in which all problems were handled with missiles, bombs, and guns, the Krotons are defeated with science. The Doctor figures out that they are made of a crystalline substance which sulfuric acid dissolves. Therefore, the Gonds and the Doctor use sulfuric acid to destroy the Krotons and their ships. It’s quite satisfying to watch the Doctor outsmart the Krotons, who obviously have a high opinion of their own intelligence.
Another aspect of the story that Holmes gets right is that he makes good use of all the regular cast members. Even though the Doctor and Zoe are more in the fore for this story, Holmes does a good job of finding ways to keep Jamie involved in the action. For instance, when the Krotons are hunting down the Doctor and Zoe, much of the suspense comes from Jamie watching helplessly as the Krotons close in on his friends.
Holmes also manages to be true to the characters as we’ve seen them up to this point. We see Jamie as impulsive, but he’s brave and loyal and has a lot of heart. He never thinks twice about his own safety; his only concern is making sure that his friends are okay. Holmes emphasizes Zoe’s intelligence throughout, but we also see her cleverness and her bravery. And as for the Doctor, well, I’ve already discussed his characterization so I won’t repeat myself here.
Perhaps my favorite parts of the story are the interactions between the Doctor and Zoe. I don’t feel like most writers knew what to do with Zoe. Her characterization in the series is a bit inconsistent; one minute she’s taking down the Karkus and out thinking computers, the next she’s hysterical and screaming. Holmes’ Zoe, however, is my favorite, and I love the relationship he creates between her and the Doctor. They are both so intelligent that the Doctor doesn’t even always need to explain his plan to Zoe; she just picks up on it and plays along, as she does in the final episode. Instead of the Doctor putting her down for her intelligence (as he, unfortunately, has done in the past), there is a good-natured competition between them. Wendy Padbury and Patrick Troughton play the scene with the teaching machines perfectly, with Zoe not being able to resist trying the machine to show off her intelligence, the Doctor getting nervous and making mistakes when taking the test, and finally Zoe needing to point out that the Doctor only scored higher than she did because he answered more questions. The two have rarely had the opportunity for a double act, and this story shows how good their chemistry could be.
On a more random note, this episode also introduces the H.A.D.S. or hostile action displacement system, which has popped up again from time to time in the new series, most recently in “The Magician’s Apprentice/The Witch’s Familiar.” As an extra bonus, Patrick Troughton uses the phrase “oh my giddy aunt” in the third episode, so what more could you want?While “The Krotons” is not Robert Holmes’ best story, it’s much better than its reputation. It’s a great fit for the Doctor and both of his companions. I actually enjoy it more than the previous, much more highly regarded story, “The Invasion.” The second Doctor is best when he’s playing the fool, not working with a military organization. I was quite surprised at Frazer Hines’ dislike of this story, since I think it’s a pretty good story for Jamie overall. Perhaps one of the reasons that Frazer Hines doesn’t like this story is because the Krotons regularly insult Jamie’s intelligence. They refer to him as a “low brain” while the Doctor and Zoe are “high brains.” I’m actually not sure that there’s another story where Jamie is so regularly insulted. Alternatively, maybe it really is just because of the rather unfortunately designed bottom half of the Krotons…